Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)


Associations / Affiliations

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs)

Ergonomics is the science and practice of designing tasks and workplaces considering our capabilities and limitations or fitting the work to the person.

Benefits of Ergonomics:

  • Prevention of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders (WMSD)
  • Reduced fatigue and discomfort
  • Increased productivity
  • Improved quality of work

What are Work-RelatedMusculoskeletal Disorders?
WMSDs are soft-tissue injuries to muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, blood vessels and nerves that usually develop gradually. Also know as: Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs) or Neurovascular Disorders or Repetitive Strain Injuries (RSIs) or Overuse Injuries. Common WMSDs occur in the moving body parts like the neck, back, shoulders, elbows, wrists, fingers and knees.
Symptoms of WMSD’s:
Discomfort / Pain; Swelling; Loss of range of motion; Stiffness or tight muscles; Hands or feet feel like they are falling “asleep”; Numbness/Tingling; Burning Sensations; Shooting/Stabbing Pain; Weakness or clumsiness in the hands; dropping things. Having one or more symptom does not mean you have a WMSD
What causes WMSDs?
WMSDs can develop when demand exceeds capacity. Exposure (intensity, frequency and duration) to the following risk factors or combination of risk factors might lead to a WMSD:

  • Awkward and Static Postures
  • Highly Repetitive Motions
  • High Hand Force
  • Contact Stress
  • Vibration
  • Cold Temperatures
  • Lighting

Treatment and Prevention:
Preventing and responding to WMSDs involves:

  • Designing or modifying the work environment
  • Task variability
  • Physiotherapy/ Ergonomist

For more information on how physiotherapy can help you, or to book an appointment please call 011 315 8863.


Known as the locomotor system, and previously the activity system. Bones, joints and soft tissues

Running tips

Running tips….



Dry needling

Dry needling….

Shameez Bartlett Physiotherapy Health Emporium
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Tel: 011 315 8863 / 076 571 6377
Boulders Shopping centre 076 571 6377 or 011 315 8863
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